Atom is the smallest unit of an element. It is a system composed of a charged nucleus and a number of electrons. The electrons travel in orbits about the nucleus. Now when a atom is broken it release tremendous energy. In this way atom has become a source of energy. The discovery of atomic energy is one of the greatest scientific discoveries of the present age.We may use or misuse of this power. We may use it for the settlement of our disputes, the whole mankind will perish as a result. If we are sensible in its use, we may have a better and happier world. In the constructive sphere, the atomic energy can work wonders.
The use of atomic energy for medical purpose can cure these disease which were once considered in curable. Radium can be used in the dist ruction of abnormal tissues and cancer.Radio-therapy is an important branch of medical science. Superfluous cells are destroyed once for all. The isotopes of sodium, potassium, bromine and iodine will go a long way in tracing the origin and cause of many diseases. This saves man from cruel clutches of a slow and painful death. In this way, the atomic energy has alleviated the human sufferings. Medicine and surgery owe a deep dept of gratitude to scientists who discovered the secrets of Atomic Energy.
In the sphere of industry also the atomic energy is going to play a very important role. Coal and petrol supply of the world is being gradually exhausted.The time is not far when they may not be available.
In the field of agriculture, atomic energy will be of great help to the farmers. Atomic explosions can level the hills and mounds. The land so made available can be used for the cultivation of crops.
Lastly, we come to the use of atomic energy for transport purpose. With the help of atomic energy, the means of communication and transportation can be made swifter and more reliable at present.